Business Topics Glossary

Business Topical Terms & Definitions

Business Glossary

Business Glossary:
Topics, Terms & Definitions You Must Know

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There are currently 100 Topics in this directory beginning with the letter J.

J-Startup is an initiative that concentrates both public and private resources to support startups with the highest potential. J-Startup's goal is to foster startup founders and teams with global potential and provide new value to the world. The J-Startup project aims to make winning startups in the global market and bring value to the world by empowering Japan's startup ecosystem. Website

J.B. Hunt (JBHT)
J.B. Hunt Transport Services, Inc. is a trucking and transportation company that was founded by Johnnie Bryan Hunt, and based in the Northwest Arkansas city of Lowell.

J2 Global, Inc. (JCOM)
J2 Global, Inc. is an American publicly traded technology company based in Los Angeles, California. The company provides Internet services through two divisions: Business Cloud Services and Digital Media.

Jabil Inc.
Jabil Inc. (NYSE: JBL) is a manufacturing solutions provider. The world's leading brands rely on Jabil's unmatched breadth and depth of end-market experience, technical and design capabilities, manufacturing know-how, supply chain insights and global product management expertise. Driven by a common purpose, Jabil and its people are committed to making a positive impact on their local community and the environment. Headquartered in Petersburg, Florida. Founded in 1966. Domain:

Jabra is a leader in engineering communications and sound solutions. Headquartered in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Jack Henry & Associates Inc (JKHY)
Jack Henry & Associates, Inc. (NASDAQ:JKHY) is an American technology company and payment processing service for the financial services industry. Jack Henry strengthens the connections between people and their financial institutions through technology and services that reduce the barriers to financial health. Headquartered in Monett, Missouri. Founded in 1976. Jack Henry acquired Banno in 2014. Website

Jack Up Rigs
A jackup rig or a self-elevating unit is a type of mobile platform that consists of a buoyant hull fitted with a number of movable legs, capable of raising its hull over the surface of the sea. The buoyant hull enables transportation of the unit and all attached machinery to a desired location.

Jackson Laboratory
The Jackson Laboratory is an independent, nonprofit biomedical research institution dedicated to contributing to a future of better health care based on the unique genetic makeup of each individual.

Jackson Lewis LLP
Jackson Lewis LLP is an American law firm focusing on labor and employment law, healthcare, and collegiate and professional sports law. Other areas of practice include workplace law, employment litigation, labor law, and employment class actions. Headquartered in New York City and founded in 1958. Operating as Jackson Lewis P.C. Website

Jackson Walker LLP
Jackson Walker LLP is an American law firm that utilizes Globalaw to accomplish global reach. Areas of practice include bankruptcy/reorganization, corporate & securities, cybersecurity, data protection, & privacy, energy, environment & natural resources, finance & banking, government relations, public policy, & regulatory law, healthcare, intellectual property, international, investigations & white collar defense, labor & employment, employee benefits, & executive compensation, land use & municipal law, real estate, tax, trial & appellate litigation, and wealth planning, probate, & trust. Headquartered in Dallas, Texas and founded in 1887. Website

Jaggaer, formerly SciQuest, is a pure-play provider of cloud-based business automation solutions for spend management headquartered at Morrisville, North Carolina. It has offices in Newtown Square, PA, and Pittsburgh, PA.

Jahia is a software company offering enterprise products, services, and technical support for its open-source digital experience platform. Jahia's Platform provides content and customer data management. Headquartered in Switzerland.

Jama Software Inc
Jama Software provides the leading platform for requirements, risk, and test management. Headquartered in Portland, Oregon.

Jamf is a software company that is the developer of Jamf Pro, an application used by system administrators to configure and automate IT administration tasks for macOS, iOS, and tvOS devices. Headquartered in Minneapolis, MN.

Janitorial services involve professional cleaning of commercial spaces, namely business offices, doctor's offices, schools, and industrial property. This is necessary to ensure the sale and effective use of a shared workspace and typically includes practices such as cleaning and disinfecting.

The 'Janoschka Prismatic Effect Cylinder' enables a new generation of finishing solutions for packaging. Moving 2D patterns lend a premium look to packaging. Janoschka represents maximum expertise in the prepress area and, with 1,700 employees plus an annual turnover of over 95 millions euro, counts among the global market leaders in its sector. The company is represented globally through 29 subsidiaries in 15 countries. Headquartered in Germany.

Janssen Pharmaceuticals
Janssen Pharmaceuticals is a pharmaceutical industry company wholly-owned by Johnson and Johnson. Headquartered in Raritan, New Jersey. Founded in 1953. Also known as The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Website

An oral prescription medicine along with diet and exercise, helps lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes.

An oral antihyperglycemic drug.

Japan Exchange Group
An Asian financial services corporation that operates multiple securities exchanges including Tokyo Stock Exchange and Osaka Securities Exchange

Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO)
The Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO) is a Japanese government-supported organization that promotes mutually beneficial trade and investment relations between Japan and other nations. JETRO has a network of 46 offices in Japan and 74 offices worldwide. Headquartered in Minato City, Tokyo, Japan. Founded in 1958. Website

Japan Post Bank
Japan Post Bank (or Japan Post Bank Co., Ltd.) is a Japanese bank that provides general banking services. The company offers deposits, savings, loans, currency exchange transactions, investment trusts, national bonds, and other related banking services to individuals and businesses. Japan Post Bank also provides other financial services such as insurance agency and financing service. It is a corporation held by Japan Post Holdings, in which the government of Japan has a majority stake. Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.

Japs-Olson Company
Japs-Olson Company is a commercial printing and direct mailing company. Headquartered in St Louis Park, MN. Founded in 1907. Website

An oral diabetes medicine that works by helping the kidneys get rid of glucose from the bloodstream.

Jasper Chat
Jasper Chat allows you to have a natural conversation with AL that feels human. It is a new, conversational way of interactive with generative AI. Headquartered in Austin, TX. Domain:

Java is a general purpose computer programming language designed to produce programs that will run on any computer system.

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)
Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application programming interface (API) for the programming language Java, which defines how a client may access a database.

Java Management Extensions (JMX)
Java Management Extensions (JMX) is a Java technology that supplies tools for managing and monitoring applications, system objects, devices (such as printers) and service-oriented networks.

Java Message Service (JMS)
The Java Message Service (JMS) API is a Java Message Oriented Middleware (MOM) API[1] for sending messages between two or more clients. It is an implementation to handle the Producer-consumer problem.

Java Script is an object-oriented computer programming language commonly used to create interactive effects within web browsers.

JBL is an American audio equipment manufacturer. JBL serves the customer home and professional market. The professional market includes studios, installed/tour/portable sound, cars, music production, DJ, cinema markets, etc. Headquartered in Los Angeles, California. Domain:

JBoss Application Server (JBoss AS) is an open-source, cross-platform Java application server developed by JBoss, a division of Red Hat Inc.

JD Edwards
JD Edwards, abbreviated JDE, was an Enterprise resource planning software company.

JDA Software
JDA provides supply chain management, manufacturing planning, and inventory optimization solutions for the automotive, fashion, and hospitality industries. As of 2020, JDA Software has officially changed its company name to "Blue Yonder".

Jedox is a provider of corporate performance management and business intelligence solutions.

Jellyfish is a marketing performance company that helps brands thrive by navigating, connecting, and harnessing the power of multiple platforms to drive growth. Domain:

Jenkins is an open source automation server written in Java. Jenkins helps to automate the non-human part of software development process, with continuous integration and facilitating technical aspects of continuous delivery.

Jenner & Block LLP
Jenner & Block LLP is an American law firm. The firm is active in corporate litigation, business transactions, the public sector, and other legal fields. Headquartered in Chicago Illinois and founded in 1914. Website

A combination of two oral antihyperglycemic drugs indicated as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus when treatment with both linagliptin and metformin is appropriate.

Jenzabar is a company that offers technology solutions and services for the needs of high education institutions. Headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

Jet Aviation
Founded in Switzerland in 1967, Jet Aviation is a Basel-based provider of business aviation services. The company has approximately 4,000 staff across Europe, Asia and the Americas. It provides aircraft sales, maintenance and charters using its fleet of more than 200 aircraft.

JetBlue Airways Corporation
JetBlue Airways Corporation is a major American low cost airline, and the seventh largest airline in North America by passengers carried. Headquartered in the Long Island City neighborhood of the New York City borough of Queens. It also has offices in Utah and Florida. Domain:

JFrog is on a mission to enable continuous updates through Liquid Software, empowering developers to code high-quality applications that securely flow to end-users with zero downtime. The world’s top brands such as Amazon, Facebook, Google, Netflix, Uber, VMware, and Spotify are among the 6,000+ companies that already depend on JFrog to manage binaries for their mission-critical applications. Headquartered in Sunnyvale, CA.’s revolutionary app-based intelligent automation platform turbo-charges productivity, transforms complex processes, and helps teams unleash their creativity and innovation. Its products are specifically designed to provide enterprises a one-stop, easy-to-deploy platform that automates and improves the most complex business processes with ease. Headquartered in Milpitas, California.

Jile is a software development company that offers an agile platform for product-centric delivery that supports agile methodologies, scrum and kanban. Headquartered in Santa Clara, California

Jira is a proprietary issue tracking product, developed by Atlassian. It provides bug tracking, issue tracking, and project management functions.

Jitter Measurement
Jitter Measurement produces a quantity for the deviation from true periodicity of a presumably periodic signal, often in relation to a reference clock signal.

Jitterbit, Inc. provides data and application integration software solutions. Its solutions allow technical business analysts to perform application, data, and business process integration between on-premise and cloud systems.

Jive (JIVE)
A provider of communication and collaboration solutions for business, including a suite of collaboration software and an intranet back-end

Jive Communications
Jive Communications, based in Orem, UT, is a communication company that specializes in delivering enterprise-grade Hosted VoIP and Unified Communications to businesses and institutions. The company's line of business includes the wholesale distribution of electronic parts and electronic communications equipment.

Jones Knowles Ritchie is an independent creative agency based in London, New York and Shanghai. Also known as JKR Global; headquartered in London, UK.

JLL is a world leader in real estate services. They buy, build, occupy, and invest in a variety of assets including industrial, commercial, retail, residential, and hotel real estate. Headquartered in Chicago, IL.

JLT Group
JLT provides insurance, reinsurance and employee benefits related advice, brokerage and associated services.

JMARK has been providing innovative I.T. solutions to organizations of all sizes. It is an award-winning IT and cybersecurity expertise to help organizations increase the velocity of their successes. Headquartered in Springfield, Missouri. Domain:

JMI Equity
JMI Equity is a growth equity firm focused on investing in leading software companies. Founded in 1992, JMI has invested in over 140 businesses in its target markets, successfully completed over 90 exits, and raised over $4 billion of committed capital.

JN White
JN White is a manufacturing company that creates membrane switches, membrane switch assemblies, complex user interfaces, and graphic overlay products. Headquartered in Perry, NY. Founded in 1960. Website

Job Analysis
A process to identify and determine in detail the particular job duties and requirements and the relative importance of these duties for a given job.

Job Costing
A method of recording the costs of a manufacturing job, rather than process.

Job Creation
The provision of new opportunities for paid employment, especially for those who are unemployed.

Job Descriptions
A formal account of an employee's responsibilities.

Job Evaluation
A systematic way of determining the value/worth of a job in relation to other jobs in an organization.

Job Market
The job market is the market in which employers search for employees and employees search for jobs. The job market is not a physical place as much as a concept demonstrating the competition and interplay between different labor forces.

Job Posting
An advertisement created by an employer, his administrative or human resources staff, or a recruiter that alerts current employees or the public of immediate or future job openings within a company.

Job Satisfaction
The level of contentment employees feel about their work

Job Scheduling / Workload Automation
The practice of using software to schedule, initiate, run and manage tasks related to business processes and transactions.

Job Task Analysis (JTA)
Job Task Analysis (JTA) is the process of analyzing a particular job role and creating tasks associated with it.

JobsOhio is an economic development agency focused on bringing business to Ohio to expand or relocate to.

Jobvite is a records management, information destruction, and data backup.

John Hancock
John Hancock Life Insurance Company, U.S.A. is a Boston-based insurance company. Established April 21, 1862, it was named in honor of John Hancock, a prominent patriot. In 2004, John Hancock was acquired by the Canadian life insurance company Manulife Financial.

John Lewis Partnership Plc
The John Lewis Partnership plc is a British company which operates John Lewis & Partners department stores, Waitrose & Partners supermarkets, its banking and financial services, and other retail-related activities.

Johnson & Johnson
Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational corporation founded in 1886 that develops medical devices, pharmaceutical and consumer packaged goods. Headquartered in New Brunswick, NJ.

Johnson Controls
Johnson Controls is a multinational conglomerate that produces automotive parts such as batteries and electronics and HVAC equipment for Buildings.

Johnson Matthey Plc
Johnson Matthey is a British multinational speciality chemicals and sustainable technologies company headquartered in the United Kingdom.
A web based collaboration software application for screen-sharing and online meetings.

Joining Technology
Technology used to join materials together

Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG)
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.

Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF)
A Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF) is a partnership between various federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies, as well as private organizations, that are charged with taking action against terrorism which includes the investigation of crimes such as wire fraud and identity theft.

Jones Day
Jones Day is an American multinational law firm that focuses on complex transactions, high-stakes litigation, cybersecurity, capital markets activities, intellectual property rights, regulatory compliance, tax issues. Headquartered in Washington D.C. and founded in 1983. Website

Joomla is a free and open-source content management system.

Journalist Database
A journalist database is a database of journalist and media contacts, including contact information and professional histories. This allows communications professionals to search and find the right people to reach out to when seeking earned media coverage.

Jouve's technical expertise, combined with human supervision, allows you to refocus on the real needs of your customers. Headquartered in Mayenne, France.

A software and services company based in San Francisco CA that specializes in application virtualization and cloud computing.

JPG Global
Jupiter Prestige Group was established as a result of aligning businesses with individual expertise and service specialism throughout the packaging graphics. JPG makes it a mission to understand client's objectives and challenges, working in partnership to get the right result and build long standing relationships.

JPMorgan Chase (JPM)
A multinational banking and financial services corporation

Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.

JRNI helps businesses offer remote and in-person experiences that increase revenue, profitability, and efficiency, build customer relationships, and improve customer satisfaction and loyalty. JRNI (formerly BookBug) providfes apps for facilitating appointments, virutal queuing, and events, plus industry-leading analytics.

An open-standard file format that uses human-readable text to transmit data objects consisting of attribute value pairs and array data types (or any other serializable value) is a bootstrapped, profitable and fast-growing SaaS startup. Headquartered in and managed from London (UK), our product development teams are based in London (UK) and Saigon (Vietnam). 24/7 support is offered by our teams in Saigon (Vietnam), Casablanca (Morocco) and Lima (Peru).

Judgments are a court order that is the decision in a lawsuit. A civil case ends in a decision by the court. This can be after a trial, inquest, arbitration, default, confession, stipulation or motion. The decision says how the Judge decided the case. The decision can’t be enforced until a judgment is entered.

Jumio is an online mobile payments and identity verification company that provides card and ID scanning and validation products for more mobile and web transactions. Headquartered in Palo Alto, CA.

JumpCloud is an enterprise software company. Services include an open directory platform that secures identities, manages devices, and provides safe access to all types of IT resources. Headquartered in Louisville, CO.

Jungheinrich AG is a German company active in the material handling equipment, warehousing and material flow engineering sectors. In these segments, the company is ranked in second place in Europe, and third in the world. Headquartered in Hamburg, Germany.

Jungle Scout
Jungle Scout is an American company providing SaaS-based tool for search and market analytics, inventory management, and sales intelligence for companies selling on online marketplaces. Headquartered in Austin, Texas. Founded in 2015. Website

Juniper Networks
An American multinational corporation headquartered n Sunnyvale, CA that develops and markets networking products.

Juniper Square
Juniper Square is a provider of investment management solutions for commercial real estate. Headquartered in San Francisco, CA.

Just Global, Inc.
Just Global, Inc. is an integrated marketing agency built to service brands and assist in global digital transformation. Headquartered in Emeryville, CA. Founded in 1996. Website

Just-In-Time Manufacturing
Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, also known as just-in-time production or the Toyota Production System (TPS), is a methodology aimed primarily at reducing flow times within production system as well as response times from suppliers and to customers.

Justworks, Inc. provides services related to benefits, payroll and payments, and compliance for startup businesses. It offers compliance services related to EPLI, unemployment insurance, and new hire reporting, as well as services for benefits that include medical, vision, and dental insurance.

Jvion, Inc.
Jvion, Inc. is a healthcare AI company that offers an AI-enabled prescriptive analytics solution that aims to help healthcare systems and providers prevent avoidable patient harm, lower costs, and improve quality and patient outcomes. Jvion offers a range of clinical AI applications that identifies patients on a trajectory to becoming high risk and for whom intervention will drive to a better outcome. It is a company under the company Lightbeam Health Solutions. Headquartered in Irving, Texas.

JW Player
JW Player is a New York based company which has developed a video player software of the same name. The player, for embedding videos into web pages, is used by news, video-hosting companies and for self-hosted web videos.

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