Business Topics Glossary

Business Topical Terms & Definitions

Business Glossary

Business Glossary:
Topics, Terms & Definitions You Must Know

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There are currently 60 Topics in this directory beginning with the letter #.

1031 Exchange
A 1031 exchange gets its name from Section 1031 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, which allows you to avoid paying capital gains taxes when you sell an investment property and reinvest the proceeds from the sale within certain time limits in a property or properties of like kind and equal or greater value.

1105 Media Inc
1105 Media, Inc. provides integrated information and media solutions to business-to-business markets in the United States. It publishes content through various platforms that include print, digital, online, events, and a range of marketing services through which it provides information, insight, and analysis for IT managers and professionals, and government and education IT sectors.

128 Technology
128 Technology makes client's networks do what their business needs, by changing the way networks work. 128 Technology's professional grade software teaches routers the language of applications and services, letting them understand the requirements of individual services and segments, and adapt the network dynamically to deliver what the business needs, when and where it needs it. Headquartered in Burlington, MA.

15Five is a leading continuous performance management solution that not only guides employee growth and development but empowers people to become their best selves. The software elevates the performance and engagement of employees by continuously asking questions and starting the right conversations.

1Password (also known as AgileBits) is a software development company that provides a password manager solution. Features include password generation, secure login and documentation storage, insights and reporting dashboards, deployment integrations, etc. Headquartered in Toronto, Canada.

2-in-1 PCs
Hybrid computer having features of both a tablet and a laptop

21Vianet (VNET)
21Vianet Group claims to be the largest carrier-neutral Internet and data center service provider in China. It is the exclusive operator of Microsoft Azure and Office 365 services in China, and also houses data centers for IBM and others.

2Checkout, Inc., headquartered in Columbus, OH, offers online payment processing solutions to merchants worldwide. The company offers 2Checkout, a platform that enables businesses and organizations to accept payments from worldwide.

2D Animation
Creates movement in a two-dimensional artistic space

2D Animation Software
Two-dimensional images are rapidly sequenced to create the illusion of lifelike motion using software

2nd Watch
2nd Watch provides professional and managed services for enterprise workloads in the public cloud. Headquartered in Seattle, WA.

2U, Inc.
2U, Inc. is an educational technology company that contracts with non-profit colleges and universities to build, deliver and support online degree and non-degree programs. The company offers graduate and undergraduate degree programs in social work, data science, public administration, healthcare, law, and industrial relations. It is the parent company of edX. Headquartered in Lanham, Maryland.

3-D Secure
3-D Secure is a protocol designed to be an additional security layer for online credit and debit card transactions. The name refers to the "three domains" which interact using the protocol: the merchant/acquirer domain, the issuer domain, and the interoperability domain. However, this additional security measure adds friction to the checkout process and can lead to high drop-off rates. The main concern for eCommerce merchants when implementing 3DS is the user experience and what effect this will have on conversion rates.

Planet is a payments service and technology provider. Payments company Planet to acquire 3C Payment, creating a world-leading value added payments service provider.

3D Animation
Graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.

3D Animation Software
Developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object in three dimensions via specialized software.

3D CAD, or 3-dimensional computer-aided design, is technology for design and technical documentation, which replaces manual drafting with an automated process.

3D Design Engineering
3D Design Engineering is the discipline of creating designs for 3D products, usually usinga design software.

3D Modeling
3D modeling (or three-dimensional modeling) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object (either inanimate or living) in three dimensions via specialized software.

3D Printer Fires
3D Printer Fires are fires/incidents related to 3D printers. Most fires caused by 3D printers are electrical fires caused by wires, terminals, or individual components becoming so hot that either plastic insulation develops fire or other parts are ignited which are in direct contact with the wire.

3D Printing
The action or process of making a physical object from a three-dimensional digital model, typically by laying down many thin layers of a material in succession.

3D Scanners
3D Scanners is the process of analyzing a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. color). The collected data can then be used to construct digital 3D models.

3dcart is a privately held technology company that develops e-commerce software for businesses.

3Degrees specializes in sustainability consulting, environmental markets, renewable energy and carbon project development, and utility renewable energy programs. The strive to make it possible for businesses and their customers to take urgent action on climate change. Headquartered in San Francisco, California.

The 3DEXPERIENCE platform is a Business Experience platform. It provides software solutions for every organization within a company – from engineering to marketing to sales – that help with value creation process to create differentiating consumer experiences.

3DExperience Works
3DExperience Works is a product - a cloud platform that allows access to Dassault Systemes’ applications. It aims to connect people, ideas, data and solutions together in a single environment. The portfolio aims to enable users to securely share data and collaborate from anywhere, at any time, and on any device, allowing users to extend their product development capabilities and solve new problems faster. It is a portfolio under the company Dassault Systemes (3ds).

3DS Max
3DS Max is a 3D modeling, animation, and rendering software for games and design visualization made by Autodesk.

3G, short for third generation, is the third generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology. It is the upgrade for 2G and 2.5G GPRS networks, for faster internet speed.

3G Direct Pay
3G Direct Pay Limited provides payment services. The Company offers credit cards, mobile, and cross-border, as well as online and offline payment services. 3G Direct Pay serves customers in Ireland and Africa.

3Gtms, Inc.
3Gtms, Inc., commonly known as 3Gtms, is a transportation management software company. 3Gtms offers solutions for shippers, brokers, and 3PLs to simplify the process of complex transportation management. Headquartered in Shelton, Connecticut. Founded in 2013. Website

3M (MMM)
The 3M Company, formerly known as the Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company, is an American multinational conglomerate corporation based in Maplewood, Minnesota, a suburb of St. Paul.

3M Fall Protection
Bringing together a history of innovation and excellence, 3M Personal Safety Division offers its customers access to quality products. 3M Fall Protection offers its customer the quality products, expertise, and service of the trusted 3M.

3Play Media
3Play Media provides closed captioning, transcription, and audio description services to make video accessibility easy. Headquartered in Boston, MA.

3rd Party Cookies
A third-party cookie is placed on a website by someone other than the owner (a third party) and collects user data for the third party. As with standard cookies, third-party cookies are placed so that a site can remember something about the user at a later time.

400G most commonly refers to a solution that offers 400G of capacity on one 400G wavelength. It’s interchangeable with 400GbE and 400Gb/s depending on the context. 400G-capable solutions are ideal for high-volume telco providers, large data centers, and enterprises grappling with unrelenting traffic growth. In addition, 400G promises the power, efficiency, and density required for 5G and emerging applications such as augmented and virtual reality and 4k video streaming.

401(k) Fiduciary
Any Individual or entity with discretionary authority over a 401(k) plan's administration or investments is considered a “fiduciary” to that plan.

A type of retirement savings account offered by an employer that allows regular deposits and offers various tax options

401k Audit
A 401(k) audit is a review of your company's 401(k) plan by a third-party accounting firm to ensure that the plan is within the guidelines and regulations set by both the IRS and the Department of Labor. The annual statutory audit of the financial accounts and providing an opinion on whether they are a true and fair reflection of the plan's financial position.

A type of retirement savings account offered by certain employers (mainly public education and non-profit organizations)

4D Printing
Printing of three dimensional objects capable of altering shape after printing

4D Radar
4D Radar, also known as 4D Sensing, is a technology that uses echolocation and a concept called time-of-flight measurement to map objects in a 3D environment.

4D Scheduling
4D scheduling is, in simple terms, combining a traditional project schedule with a 3D model of a project to allow you to visually see how the project is planned to be constructed. Several studies indicate images improve our ability to comprehend information. 4D scheduling starts with a convention construction schedule, then uses a Revit model to build the project with the overlay attribute of time. The entire project is visualized and streamlined before construction begins.

4G is the fourth generation of broadband cellular network technology, succeeding 3G. A 4G system must provide capabilities defined by ITU in IMT Advanced. Potential and current applications include amended mobile web access, IP telephony, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, and 3D television.

4G Backup
Internet backup failover (better known as 4G backup) means that your connection will automatically switch to backing up your Internet service if your main connectivity service fails. It acts as a second-line to your main internet connect.

4imprint (FOUR)
4imprint (LON: FOUR) is a direct marketer of promotional merchandise. Headquartered in London, United Kingdom. Operating as 4imprint Group plc. Website

4K (Display)
One of the two resolutions of ultra high definition television targeted towards consumer television.

4k Media Transfer
Transfer of film elements that were scanned at a 4k resolution.

Ultra high definition.

4PL is a fourth-party logistics provider and it essentially takes third-party logistics a step further by managing resources, technology, infrastructure, and even manage external 3PLs to design, build and provide supply chain solutions for businesses.

529 College Plans
An education savings plan operated by a state or educational institution designed to help families set aside funds for future college costs

5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems, abbreviated 5G, are the proposed next telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G/IMT-Advanced standards.[

5K (Display)
A computer monitor with 2,800 lines of resolution.

A B2B predictive intelligence engine for marketing and sales

72andSunny Partners LLC
72andSunny Partners LLC, commonly known as 72andSunny, is a global strategic and creative agency with offices in Los Angeles, Amsterdam, New York City, Singapore, and Sydney. It was founded in 2004 by John Boiler, Glenn Cole, Greg Perlot and Robert Nakata. Since 2010, it has been a subsidiary of MDC Partners Inc. Headquartered in Los Angeles, CA. Website

7shifts is the most intuitive employee scheduling and management software designed for the restaurant industry. Restaurant managers using 7shifts reduce labor costs and spend 80% less time on management logistics after switching from paper or Excel. With 7shifts, schedules pull in employee availability and eliminate scheduling conflicts. Employees also automatically get a text and email with their upcoming shifts. Headquartered in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

7thonline, Inc.
7thonline, Inc. is a software company that provides cross-channel merchandise and assortment management solutions to apparel, footwear, and accessories industries. Their retail, wholesale, and ecommerce solutions include visual and analytical assortment planning, in-season merchandise management, order execution, and powerful optimization, forecasting, and collaboration capabilities. Headquartered in New York, New York.

800G operates at high baud (90-100G symbols/second) and is capable of processing and transporting more capacity than has been previously possible over a single optical channel or wavelength, up to 800 billion bits per second. With an 800G solution, network operators, service and content providers can transport more throughput for every wavelength they deploy or extend wavelengths across longer distances without regeneration.

802.11ax is the emerging Wi-Fi standard that will likely displace the current 802.11ac standard with higher throughput and overcoming poor performance in crowded environments. Also called High-Efficiency Wireless.

8K Miles
8K Miles is an AWS Premier Consulting and NexGen Managed Services Partner with competencies in - Life Sciences, Healthcare, DevOps, Bigdata & Security and a gold partner with Microsoft Azure. Their automation framework helps organizations seamlessly integrate Identity Management, Big Data and Statutory compliance into their Cloud. Headquartered in San Ramon, CA.

8x8 (EGHT)
American communications technology company that provides VoIP telephony services.

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